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人工智能能取代那些行业

人工智能最先取代的十个职业:

1. Sales and Marketing Research  销售和市场调研人员 2. Insurance adjuster  保险公司算理员 3. Security guards  保安 4. Truck drivers  卡车司机 5. Consumer loan underwriter  消费者贷款担保人 6. Financial and sports journalists  金融和体育记者 7. Bookkeepers & Financial Analysts  簿记员和财务分析师 8. Fruit pickers  水果采摘工人 9. Investment professionals  职业投资人 10. Radiologist  放射科医师

Luckily, he said all is not lost for humanity.

李开复指出,幸运的是,人类并不会无事可做。

‘AI is powerful and adaptable, but it can’t do everything that humans do.’

“人工智能既强大又善于应变,但不能胜任人类的一切工作。”

Lee believe AI cannot create, conceptualize, or do complex strategic planning, or undertake complex work that requires precise hand-eye coordination.

李开复认为,人工智能不能创造、概念化,也不能做复杂的战略规划,或承担需要精细的手眼协调的复杂工作。

He also says it is poor at dealing with unknown and unstructured spaces.

他还表示,人工智能不善于应对未知和缺乏结构的空间。

Crucially, he says AI cannot interact with humans ‘exactly like humans’, with empathy, human-human connection, and compassion.

他说,最关键的是,人工智能无法“完全像人类那样”与人互动,缺乏同理心、同情心,无法进行人与人之间的心灵沟通。

Psychiatrists, social workers and marriage counselors are unlikely to lose their jobs, along with nurses, AI researchers and scientists, he believes.

李开复认为,精神病医生、社会工作者、婚姻顾问,以及护士、人工智能研究人员和科学家都不容易失业。

人工智能无法取代的十个职业:

1. Psychiatrists  精神病医生 2. Therapists  治疗师 3. Medical caregivers  医护人员 4. AI researchers and engineers  人工智能研究员和工程师 5. Fiction writers  小说作家 6. Teachers  教师 7. Criminal defense attorney  刑事辩护律师 8. Computer Scientists & Engineers  计算机科学家和工程师 9. Scientists  科学家  10. Managers (actually leaders)  经理(领导)

However, some jobs will disappear- and quickly.

但是,有些职业却会消失,而且很快就会消失。

Most at risk are telemarketers and telesales people, Lee said, pointing to Google’s controversial AI bot system that can fool humans as an example of the future.

李开复说,失业风险最大的是电话推销员,他指出,谷歌备受争议的以假乱真的人工智能机器人系统就是未来的一个例证。

‘You’ve probably already received robo-calls, but future calls will be more natural,’ he says.

他说:“你很可能已经接到过机器人的电话,但未来的机器人通话声音将会更加自然。”

‘AI can use customer profiles, past purchases, and emotional recognition to find ways to appeal to them – even using a soothing female voice or a persuasive male voice.’

“人工智能可以通过客户资料、历史购买记录和情感识别来寻求吸引客户的方式,它们甚至可以根据情况采用舒缓的女性声音或有说服力的男性声音。”

Lee also said customer support, warehouse workers and telephone operators are at risk.

李开复还提到,客服人员、仓管人员和接线员也是高风险职业。

人工智能时代的十个“高危职业”:

1. Telemarketer / telesales’  电话推销员 2. Customer support  客服人员 3. Warehouse workers  仓管人员 4. Clerks and operational staff  办事员和操作人员 5. Telephone operators  接线员 6. Teller/cashier  出纳员/收银员 7. Fast food workers  快餐店员 8. Dish washers  洗碗工 9. Assembly line inspector  生产线质检员 10. Couriers  快递员

The key to jobs in the future will be empathy, he said.

他说,未来职业的关键将是同理心。

‘Human to human interaction is safe, providing comfort and satisfaction is safe.

“涉及人与人的互动,提供舒适和满足感的职业是安全的。”

He also warned education will also have to change dramatically to encourage a new way of thinking, making people ‘more individualistic, and more empathetic’.

李开复还警告说,教育还必须经历巨大的变革,以鼓励新的思维方式,让人们变得“更有个性,更具同理心。”

‘We also need to focus on what children want to do and show particular passion and talent for something, we need to encourage them to go for it.

“我们还需要关注孩子们想做的、特别感兴趣和有天分的事情,并鼓励他们放手去做。”

‘Super talent in children will be found earlier.

“孩子身上的过人才华将会更早被发现。”

‘Parents need to know whatever they thought was right, is probably wrong.

“父母需要知道,但凡自己所认为正确的事情,很可能是错误的。”

‘You need to let your kids go after what they love, and encourage them.

“你需要让你的孩子去追求自己所热爱的事情,并鼓励孩子。”

‘Make sure they spend a lot of time understanding why it is important to help people, and why communication skills are important – don’t play on the phone all the time.’

“一定要让他们花时间去理解为什么帮助别人很重要,为什么沟通技能很重要,而不要成天玩手机。”

He also warned many millennials will need to re-balance their life to focus on social skills – but is confident they will be able to adapt.

他还警告许多千禧一代的人要调整自己的生活,更多地注重社交技巧,但他相信人们会适应的。

人工智能能取代那些行业

从今天起,思考怎样做一个不会被机器人取代的人吧!

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